Diets

Diet for eczema

General rules

Eczema belongs to the group dermatoses with a chronic recurrent course, manifested by a characteristic serous reaction of inflammation of the epidermis and dermis of the skin (in the form of grouped small vesicles), itching and a pronounced weeping. The basis of the disease is an increased sensitivity of the skin to exogenous / endogenous irritants with the development of sensitization of the body to physical, chemical, infectious, food antigens, which determines the variety of forms of eczema. The disease proceeds, as a rule, against the background of the secondary immunodeficiency, genetic predisposition, infectious and allergic processes, nervous system dysfunction, gastrointestinal tract diseases.

Diet plays a significant role in the treatment of patients (regardless of the form of eczema). With eczema in adults, it is recommended to prescribe a nutritious diet with a sharp restriction of simple carbohydrates and sodium chloride. The diet should contain a physiological norm of proteins, which is achieved by including products containing high-grade protein (low-fat varieties of red meat, white fish, poultry, dairy products, cottage cheese). Sufficient vitaminization of the diet is of great importance. To do this, it should include a sufficient amount of vegetables and fruits, as well as foods rich in fiber, which help to eliminate toxic metabolic products from the body and normalize bowel function (whole grains, bran, almonds, lentils, fruit peels, peanuts, raisins).

An eczema diet on arms and legs should include foods containing antioxidants (vitamins A, FROM, E), which reduce the risk of new lesions of the skin. Vitamin C leafy green salads, blackcurrants, citrus fruits, rose hips, broccoli, strawberries, melon, Brussels sprouts, strawberries, apples, bell peppers, kiwi, sea buckthorn, tomatoes are rich. However, its daily norm (100 mg) should not be exceeded, since it stimulates the growth of connective tissue. It must be borne in mind that the heat treatment of products reduces its content in products to 50%.

It is important for eczema on the arms and legs to include foods rich in vitamin a and beta carotenethat improve skin condition and enhance immunity - fish oil, spinach, pumpkin, green peas, carrots, broccoli, plums, chicken egg yolks, liver. Also, foods rich in foods should be present in the diet. B vitaminscontributing to normalization metabolism and improved digestion - pork, beef, peanuts, buckwheat, brown rice, millet, pine nuts, almonds, pumpkin seeds, oat and barley groats, fish, corn, liver, eggs. The diet should include 1.2-1.5 liters of free liquid in the form of juices, mineral still water, compotes and various types of tea.

In the diet of an eczema patient, foods and dishes containing easily digestible carbohydrates are limited: sugar, jam, confectionery, honey, sweets, cakes. Sugar can be replaced aspartame, xylitol, saccharin. The inclusion in the diet of strong meat, fish and mushroom broths, fried and spicy dishes, canned food, pickled and pickled vegetables, animal fats, smoked meats, coffee, carbonated and alcohol-containing drinks.

With eczema occurring with a pronounced allergic component, the patient is shown a general hypoallergenic diet. The diet excludes all products with a high potential for allergenic activity and a pronounced sensitizing effect, as well as products that irritate the gastrointestinal mucosa. Potentially allergenic foods are chicken eggs, milk, fish and seafood, caviar, goose and duck meat, herring, legumes, oysters, mushrooms, yeast, honey, citrus fruits, spinach, various nuts, legumes, melon, tomatoes, raspberries, peaches, cocoa , strawberries, chocolate vegetables and fruits red-orange color. These products in the period of exacerbation of eczema from the diet should be excluded. It is also important to limit easily digestible carbohydrates (honey, sugar syrups, jam, preserves), which can exacerbate the inflammatory process. Fatty varieties of pork / beef, wheat bread, sour cream, whole milk, semolina are subject to restriction.

Particular attention in the diet should be given to foods that contain large quantities histamine and tyramineactively involved in the development of allergic reactions. These substances are contained in products manufactured using technologies with fermentation processes (sauerkraut, hard cheese, smoked sausage, canned fish, sausages and sausages). Products that accelerate the absorption of allergens are also subject to limitation: carbonated, sugary and alcohol-containing drinks, coffee, spices and spices, salted fish and vegetables. The diet for eczema of the hands provides for strict restriction of products that include artificial food additives (flavors, antioxidants, preservatives, dyes).

In the acute period of the disease, the patient is recommended to stay on a dairy-vegetable diet (cottage cheese, sour-milk products, allowed vegetables and fruits) for 7-10 days, and then, as the clinical symptoms stop, gradually expand the diet. With a combination of eczema of the hands with intestinal dysbiosis must be included in the diet prebiotics, and in more severe cases - probiotics(Lactofit forte, Lactobacterin, Biosporin, Linex, Bifiform), effectively restoring the natural intestinal biocenosis. Of the cooking methods in order to protect the gastrointestinal mucosa from chemical exposure, it is recommended to use baking or boiling foods, frying is not allowed. Eating - fractional, in small portions. When compiling a diet and cooking, you must follow a number of rules:

  • The use of raw vegetables and fruits must be minimized, giving preference to products that have undergone heat treatment, significantly reducing the allergic activity of the products.
  • Drain the first water after boiling in the preparation of broths, cereals, mashed vegetables and soups.
  • Potatoes stand for several hours in cold water to reduce starch content.

Indications

Eczema various etiologies.

Allowed Products

The diet for eczema includes soups, cooked on a weak broth without frying with the addition of garden greens. The second dishes are prepared from nonfat boiled (baked) or stewed dietary meat of rabbit, turkey or chicken. For garnish, you can use potatoes (previously soaked in water) and boiled in water in various forms (in separate pieces, mashed potatoes).

Of cereals, oat, buckwheat and wheat porridge are preferred. It is allowed to include whole grain bread, pasta from durum wheat and dried biscuits in the diet. From dairy products - yogurt without fruit additives, low-fat sour-milk products, low-fat fresh cottage cheese.

Vegetables (leafy salads, cucumber, onions, zucchini, cabbage) must be served in boiled or stewed form. From fats, sunflower or olive oil is included in the diet. Juices from permitted vegetables and fruits, green tea, still mineral water, and a rosehip broth are recommended as drinks.

Approved Product Table

Proteins, gFats, gCarbohydrates, gCalories, kcal

Vegetables and greens

eggplant1,20,14,524
zucchini0,60,34,624
broccoli3,00,45,228
Brussels sprouts4,80,08,043
cauliflower2,50,35,430
green onion1,30,04,619
onion1,40,010,441
squash0,60,14,319
parsley3,70,47,647
salad1,20,31,312
celery0,90,12,112
soybeans34,917,317,3381
asparagus1,90,13,120
Jerusalem artichoke2,10,112,861
dill2,50,56,338
beans7,80,521,5123
garlic6,50,529,9143
lentils24,01,542,7284

Fruits

pears0,40,310,942
nectarine0,90,211,848
peaches0,90,111,346
apples0,40,49,847

Berries

gooseberry0,70,212,043
black currant1,00,47,344

Nuts and dried fruits

flax seeds18,342,228,9534
sunflower seeds20,752,93,4578

Cereals and cereals

buckwheat groats (kernel)12,63,362,1313
oat groats12,36,159,5342
cereals11,97,269,3366
wheat bran15,13,853,6296

Milk products

dairy products3,26,54,1117
kefir 1%2,81,04,040

Cheeses and cottage cheese

cottage cheese 0.6% (low fat)18,00,61,888
tofu curd8,14,20,673

Meat products

cooked beef25,816,80,0254
braised beef16,818,30,0232

Bird

steamed chicken breast23,61,90,0113
boiled turkey fillet25,01,0-130

Fish and seafood

sea ‚Äč‚Äčkale0,85,10,049

Oils and Fats

butter0,582,50,8748
linseed oil0,099,80,0898
olive oil0,099,80,0898
sunflower oil0,099,90,0899

Soft Drinks

mineral water0,00,00,0-
instant chicory0,10,02,811
green tea0,00,00,0-

Juices and compotes

rosehip juice0,10,017,670
* data are per 100 g of product

Fully or partially restricted products

A diet for eczema involves the exclusion from the diet of strong meat and fish broths, fatty red meats, smoked meats, chicken eggs, most sausages, seafood (mussels, shrimp, squid), canned food, pickled vegetables and any salty foods, culinary and animal fats, sour cream, cream, salted and fatty cheeses, curds. Excluded products containing digestible carbohydrates - jam, honey, sugar, ice cream, confectionery, jams, sweets.

White rice, semolina, soy, pasta are subject to restriction. Excluded from the diet are any seasonings (mustard, mayonnaise, horseradish, ketchup), mushrooms, vinegar, eggplant, pineapple, pastry, melon, as well as red / orange fruits / vegetables (citrus fruits, carrots, beets, radishes, tomatoes, strawberries , red apples, strawberries, radish), various nuts, coffee. It is not allowed to include in the diet products containing food additives, fruit tea, sugary carbonated and alcoholic drinks, juices from forbidden fruits, vegetables and berries.

Prohibited Products Table

Proteins, gFats, gCarbohydrates, gCalories, kcal

Vegetables and greens

carrot1,30,16,932
salad pepper1,30,05,327
tomatoes0,60,24,220

Fruits

oranges0,90,28,136
bananas1,50,221,895
Garnet0,90,013,952
grapefruit0,70,26,529
lemons0,90,13,016
mango0,50,311,567
tangerines0,80,27,533

Berries

grape0,60,216,865
Red currants0,60,27,743

Nuts and dried fruits

nuts15,040,020,0500
raisins2,90,666,0264

Cereals and cereals

white rice6,70,778,9344

Confectionery

jam0,30,263,0263
jam0,30,156,0238
candies4,319,867,5453
pastry cream0,226,016,5300

Ice cream

ice cream3,76,922,1189

Cakes

cake4,423,445,2407

Chocolate

chocolate5,435,356,5544

Raw materials and seasonings

mustard5,76,422,0162
ketchup1,81,022,293
mayonnaise2,467,03,9627
honey0,80,081,5329
vinegar0,00,05,020

Milk products

condensed milk7,28,556,0320
cream2,820,03,7205
sour cream 40% (fat)2,440,02,6381

Cheeses and cottage cheese

cheese24,129,50,3363
dor blue cheese21,030,00,0354
blue cheese17,631,01,8363
processed amber cheese7,027,34,0289
cottage cheese 18% (fat)14,018,02,8232

Meat products

fat pork11,449,30,0489
pork fat1,492,80,0841
fat2,489,00,0797
mutton15,616,30,0209

Sausages

smoked sausage16,244,60,0466
smoked sausage9,963,20,3608
sausages10,131,61,9332
sausages12,325,30,0277

Bird

smoked chicken27,58,20,0184
duck16,561,20,0346
smoked duck19,028,40,0337
goose16,133,30,0364

Eggs

chicken eggs12,710,90,7157

Fish and seafood

smoked fish26,89,90,0196
salted fish19,22,00,0190
Red caviar32,015,00,0263
canned fish17,52,00,088
semi-finished fish12,56,714,7209
sardine20,69,6-169
mackerel18,013,20,0191
cod (liver in oil)4,265,71,2613

Oils and Fats

cream margarine0,582,00,0745
coconut oil0,099,90,0899
palm oil0,099,90,0899
cooking fat0,099,70,0897
melted pork fat0,099,60,0896

Alcoholic beverages

dessert white wine 16%0,50,016,0153
dry white wine0,10,00,666
vodka0,00,00,1235
cognac0,00,00,1239
liquor0,31,117,2242
beer0,30,04,642

Soft Drinks

cola0,00,010,442
coffee black0,20,00,32
pepsi0,00,08,738
sprite0,10,07,029
tonic0,00,08,334
energy drink0,00,011,345

Juices and compotes

cranberry jelly0,00,013,053
* data are per 100 g of product

Menu (Power Mode)

The food menu is based on allowed and prohibited foods. In the period of exacerbation of eczema, the diet includes a small amount of slightly allergenic products, and in the period of remission, the diet of patients expands.

Advantages and disadvantages

prosMinuses
  • A set of products outside the period of exacerbation of the disease provides the patient's body with physiologically complete nutrition.
  • Financially not expensive and affordable.
  • A decrease in salt and a restriction of simple carbohydrates in the diet in some patients causes discomfort.
  • Long period of being on a diet.

Feedback and Results

Reviews of the majority of patients about the diet are positive and, according to most, the diet for eczema can significantly increase the period of remission.

  • "... Eczema was diagnosed almost 8 years ago when he served in the army. As I noticed, stress provokes diseases. A severe itching of the skin begins, rashes, and after combing, a purulent infection joins. For a long time, he was saved by prednisone, but now it does not help, and I am afraid of side effects. Now I carry out all the appointments of a doctor, quit drinking alcohol, went on a diet. It seems to be easier";
  • "... I suffer from eczema on the skin of the hands. Exacerbation begins immediately, even after slight contact with detergents. Immediately I sit down on a milk and vegetable diet, I exclude chocolate, eggs, spicy, salted smoked, dishes, citrus fruits, any alcohol. I take antihistamines - Tavegill or Loratadin; sedatives - Novopassit, valerian, motherwort; enterosorbents - Polysorb, activated carbon; various ointments, now - Acrustal".

Diet price

Diet for eczema includes inexpensive foods. Total financial costs vary between 1380-1460 rubles per week.

Watch the video: Diets to Help With Eczema (February 2020).

Popular Posts

Category Diets, Next Article

Convulex
Medication

Convulex

Composition Ampoule with a volume of 5 ml contains 500 mg of sodium valproate (corresponding to 433.9 mg of valproic acid). 1 ml of syrup contains 50 mg of active substance. The syrup is intended for treatment in pediatrics, so it has a peculiar fruity smell. Additional components: sodium cyclamate, methyl parahydroxybenzoate, peach or raspberry flavor, sodium saccharin, liquid maltitol.
Read More
Augmentin
Medication

Augmentin

Composition One oral tablet contains 0.25, 0.5 or 0.875 g of amoxicillin trihydrate and 0.125 g of clavulanic acid (in the manufacture of the drug sodium clavulanate is added with a 5% excess). Auxiliary components included in the tablets: Silicii dioxydum colloidale, Magnesium stearate, Carboxymethylamylum natricum, Cellulosum microcrystallicum.
Read More
Gelmadol
Medication

Gelmadol

Composition In one tablet of Gelmadol contains 200 mg micronized albendazole and such auxiliary compounds as lactose monohydrate, corn starch, magnesium stearate, sodium starch glycolate, sodium lauryl sulfate, crospovidone, polyvinylpyrrolidone, polyethylene glycol caliphyl hydroxypropylene, hydroxypropylene and hydroxypropylene.
Read More
Pimafukort
Medication

Pimafukort

Composition The number of biologically active components does not change at all depending on the form of release of the pharmaceutical preparation. Both in the cream and in the ointment, the main ratio is preserved: natamycin - 10 mg; neomycin sulfate - 3500 units; micronized hydrocortisone - 10 mg.What really distinguishes the variations in the forms of release to a significant extent is the excipients, there are much more of them in the cream, which indicates a more selective effect of the drug.
Read More