Oftan Eye Drops Katachrome contain (per 1 ml): 20 mg nicotinamide0.675 mg of cytochrome C; 2 mg of adenosine.
Additional ingredients: sodium succinate hexahydrate, disubstituted 2-aqueous sodium phosphate, water, benzalkonium chloride, sorbitol, monosubstituted sodium phosphate 2-aqueous.
The drug is released in plastic bottles, with a dropper, in a volume of 10 ml. The medicine is a clear red solution. In a cardboard box is one bottle.
Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, nourishing.
Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics
The therapeutic effect of taking the drops is due to the combination of substances included in their composition.
Cytochrome C neutralizes the action free radicals on the cornea of the eye. The substance also directly affects the crystalline eye, reducing the risk of cataracts (inhibiting enzyme synthesis cytochrome oxidase) This component is cleaved in the crystalline epithelium to heme peptide.
Adenosine dilates blood vessels and helps restore normal microcirculation in the eye. Outflow is also normalized. toxins and blood oxygen saturation. Substance suspends inflammatory process at conjunctiva, cornea and front of the eyeby stimulation A2 receptors on the surface of cell membranes. It should be noted that adenosine is one of the fundamental elements in update processes DNA and energy metabolism. Being a structural component of the enzyme glutathione reductase and NADF, this substance plays the role of a mediator in the recovery processes glutathioneoccurring in the crystalline eye.
Nicotinamide is part of NADF and OVER - The main metabolites of the crystalline eye. It is supposed to reduce the rate of development cataracts by increasing the number of metabolites.
Due to the fact that this drug has low toxicity, it can be used as a prophylaxis and to suspend cataracts. The duration of treatment should be at least six months.
The medicine affects not only the crystalline. It is proved that the tool has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, disinfectantand antibacterial action on the surface of the eye, can stop the development of various infectious diseases in the anterior eye. Also, the drug moisturizes well and relieves fatigue.
Cytochrome Csystemic absorption is not exposed. Once in the body metabolized before bilirubin, which in turn is excreted with bile.
Adenosine has the ability to penetrate deep into the cornea of the eye and is distributed throughout all tissues. In the tissues of the body very quickly (in a couple of minutes) the substance turns into inosine, urate and xanthinethat are excreted through the kidneys.
Nicotinamide quickly absorbed, part of it is metabolized to nicotinic acidand then to N-methylnicotinamide. Both compounds are excreted by the kidneys.
Indications for use
Drops are prescribed for prevention and treatment cataracts of various origin.
Reception is contraindicated in allergies on any of the components of the drug, children and adolescents (persons under the age of 18).
Immediately after instillation, it may bake or pinch in the eyes.
- allergic reactions (conjunctivitisitching contact dermatitis);
- rashes and itching on the skin, hyperemiaswelling of the face and skin.
Very rarely observed:
- nausea, loss of consciousness, shortness of breath;
- low blood pressure, hot flashes, feeling of heat, weakness.
Eye drops Oftan Katahrom, instruction (method and dosage)
The drug is used exclusively locally.
Before use, the lid of the bottle should be turned, while pressing down, open the bottle.
Carefully push the lower eyelid, look up and drip the medicine under the lower eyelid.
According to the instructions for use, 1-2 drops are prescribed, 3 times a day.
Duration of admission is usually determined by the attending physician. The course of treatment should be at least 6 months.
Cases of overdose are not registered.
Thanks to a minor system absorption and rapid withdrawal of the drug, with its ophthalmic use, an overdose is unlikely.
If the medicine was accidentally taken orally, symptomatic therapy should be given.
Drug interaction with other drugs does not occur or has not been observed.
A 15-minute break should be observed between the use of various ophthalmic agents.
Terms of sale
Store the bottle at a temperature of 8 to 15 degrees.
3 years. After the first opening of the bottle, the shelf life is reduced to 30 days.
Before using the drops, contact lenses should be removed and not worn for 15 minutes to prevent benzalkonium chloride from entering the lens.
The medicine is not intended for oral administration or as an injection.
The drug can not be used by patients glaucoma.
To avoid contamination of the tip of the vial, they should not touch the skin or mucous membrane of the eye.
After taking the product, short-term fogging in the eyes is possible.
AnalogsMatches for ATX Level 4 code:Cystein UltraSystein gelSystein balanceOkoferonChilozar ChestHilo DresserVizin Pure TearRestasisThiotriazolineKatalinQuinaxMyrtilene ForteEmoxy opticianAdgelonVita YodurolNatural tearArtificial TearOptivOftolikBalarpan
The most common analogues: Artelak, Vidisik, Artificial tears, Quinax, Lipoflavon, Okoferon, Oftagel, Ophthalmosol, Restasis, Solcoseryl, Taufon, Thiotriazolin, Jetrea, Potassium Iodide, Korneregel, Optiv, Sikapos.
During pregnancy and lactation
There is insufficient clinical data on the use of the drug by pregnant or lactating women. In this regard, the use of drops is not recommended.
Oftan Katahrom reviews
Reviews of eye drops Oftan Katahrom good. The drug stabilizes the lens of the eye, prevents development cataract; It has established itself as a prophylactic. Adverse reactions are extremely rare.
Price Oftan Katahrom
The price of Oftan Katahrom eye drops is approximately 340 rubles per 10 ml bottle.
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