Blood hematology - a blood test in which there is a study of all types of blood cells, measurement of hemoglobin level, study of the ratio of plasma and cell mass, determination of cell size, is used to detect blood diseases, as well as blood formation organs.
Blood sampling for such an analysis can be carried out both from the finger and from a vein.
Count white blood cells - The basis of hematological blood tests. These cells are responsible for the immune response in the body, so this blood test is often prescribed for various immunological diseasesas well as for diagnosis viral diseases, leukemia, typhoid fever etc. The total number of leukocytes is divided into basophils, lymphocytes, eosinophils, immature forms, etc. is a key parameter of detection inflammatory conditions in the body, allergic reactions to various pathogens, lymphoproliferative diseases, as well as infections. The norm is (4-9) x 10 9 / l.
Red blood cells - Another blood cell count, which is performed in this analysis. They are responsible for the transfer of oxygen through the tissues of the body. Protein hemoglobin It is the main tool for transporting oxygen and it is thanks to it that blood has this color. During a hematological blood test, the hemoglobin content in the erythrocyte mass and a single cell is also determined, and the volume of red blood cells is studied. Such parameters are extremely important for the diagnosis and successful treatment of a disease such as anemia and determining its causes (deficiency of any substances, loss of blood, etc.). The norm of the content of red blood cells is (3.80-5.10) x 1012 / l, hemoglobin is 0.90-1.10.
The most important role in determining the presence of inflammatory, oncological processes, anemia, endocrine disorders in the body is erythrocyte sedimentation rate. This indicator is also part of a hematological study. Norm - up to 8-12 mm / h (men and women, respectively).
Thus, such a blood test gives a picture of the state of health, allows you to diagnose many pathologies and diseases.
In addition, hematological examination of bone marrow, ultrasound and x-ray examination.