General information Hypovolemic shock is a pathological condition that develops under the influence of a decrease in the volume of circulating blood in the bloodstream or a deficiency of fluid (dehydration) in the body. As a result, the stroke volume and degree of filling of the ventricles of the heart are reduced, which leads to the development of hypoxia, tissue perfusion and metabolic disorder.
General information Only a healthy heart can guarantee a long and fulfilling life. The constant pain under the heart on the left requires a thorough examination and the identification of the true cause. Whether heart pain always indicates heart problems and how to distinguish one type of pain from another - you will learn from this article.
General information Meningoencephalitis is a condition in which a patient develops inflammation of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord. The peculiarity of this disease is that it combines the symptoms of two fairly serious diseases. Encephalitis is characterized by the development of the inflammatory process of the substance of the brain.
General information Bleeding is an outpouring of blood into internal organs or the external environment. In our body there are 4-5 liters of blood: 60% is in the vessels, and 40% in the depot. Loss of 1/3 of the blood volume is dangerous to human life, but if it expires quickly, the victim may die with a smaller loss.
General information Trichinosis also called trichinosis is anthropozohelminthiasis and belongs to the group of nematodes, since its causative agent is a representative of roundworms - the nematode Trichinella spiralis. Pathogenesis To catch trichinosis, a person just needs to eat bacon, bacon or meat, most often pigs that have been invaded by trichinella larvae.
General information The term "intoxication of the body" refers to the widely used in the medical literature, which is encountered by specialists in various fields of practical medicine (toxicologists, infectious disease specialists, surgeons, intensive care doctors, emergency ambulances, etc.). Currently, the concept of "intoxication syndrome" is widely used by doctors as one of the most important criteria for determining the severity of the condition and prognosis of the disease.
General information In the general structure of diseases, gastroenterological pathology occupies one of the leading places, among which erosion of a particular section of the gastrointestinal tract (erosion of the esophagus, stomach / duodenum (erosive bulbitis) and intestinal erosion are quite common. Erosion is a superficial gastrointestinal membrane defect located within the mucous layer and healing without the formation of a connective tissue scar (Fig.
General Information Mouth ulcers can occur due to various reasons. Ulcers that occur on the mucous membranes and in the corner of the mouth can be both a symptom of diseases and independent manifestations in the complicated development of local pathologies. The wounds in the mouth sometimes do not heal for a long time, because such defects pass through all layers of the epithelium.
General information Restless legs syndrome (abbreviation of RLS) is a violation of sensitivity in the form of paresthesia of the lower extremities, in extremely rare cases and upper, aggravated at rest at night and forces the patient to perform facilitating movements that can disrupt sleep patterns and cause insomnia.
General information Ovarian dysfunction is a group of pathologies of the female genital area associated with a disorder of hormonal ovarian function. Such a pathology is a consequence of the inflammatory process or endocrine disorders. With the development of this condition, ovulatory and menstrual functions are disturbed.
General information Halazion (or hailstones of the eyelid) is a tumor-like formation that is located in the thickness of the eyelid. Chalazion in the eye is associated with blockage and inflammation of the meibomian glands, which are located in the thickness of the cartilaginous plate of the eyelids. These glands have long excretory ducts, which are traced through the mucous membrane of the eyelid in the form of yellowish vertical stripes.
General information The fear of open space has a threefold name - agoraphobia, a word of Greek origin, which is divided into two and literally translated as agora - area, market, phobos - fear. The disease is a mental disorder and is assigned a code according to ICD-10 F40.0 (Source: Wikipedia).
General information Enterobiosis refers to the widespread type of helminthiases that are part of the group of parasitic diseases. The disease is characterized by disorders of the intestines, disorders of the nervous system, skin itching and allergic manifestations. Called by a nematode (roundworm - pinworm).
General information The frequency of non-rheumatic carditis per 100 thousand population is 110 cases. According to some reports, in 15% of patients who had ARVI, myocarditis was observed. Carditis can occur at any age, much more often the disease affects young people and children. In adolescents and young men, a certain predominance of cases of the disease is recorded, in boys and girls the frequency is almost the same.
General information Ascites is a pathological condition in which free fluid accumulates in the abdominal cavity. It is also called abdominal dropsy. In most cases - about 75% - this phenomenon is associated with the development of cirrhosis. Therefore, sometimes it is defined as liver ascites. Another 10% of cases are due to cancer, 5% are consequences of heart failure.
General information Pinched the sciatic nerve (compression) is a syndrome of compression by the surrounding tissues, characterized by a specific symptom complex with motor, pain and trophic disorders in the innervation zone. Since the sciatic nerve is the largest peripheral nerve, including the length (Fig.
General information In this article we will analyze what esophagitis is and how to treat it. Esophagitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the esophagus with the development of catarrhal or erosive-ulcerative lesions, as well as involving the deep layers of the wall in the process. The code for ICD-10 is K20. Acute and chronic esophagitis, burns of the esophagus and infectious esophagitis are included in this section.
General information The main function of the heart is to provide all tissues, organs and systems of the body with oxygen and nutrients. Depending on the type of activity, the body needs a different amount of blood. The lumen of the vessel, the strength and heart rate affect the provision of the body with the necessary blood volume.
General information One of the most common types of injuries is sprains, most often ankle or knee joints. The main reason for the occurrence of sprains is sharp movements in the joints that exceed their normal amplitude. At the same time, it is important to distinguish between sprain and tendons, because the latter are compounds of muscles and bones, while the ligaments are the elastic connecting link of bone formations.
General information It is no secret that jellyfish are predators and are able to sting. Their tentacles are equipped with a special type of stinging cells - knidocytes, which they need to hunt for various prey, as well as to protect themselves from enemies. The main nutrition of these motile hydroforms of the intestinal cavity is zooplankton, i.e.
General information Dysplasia of the connective tissue in the body often manifests itself with pathology from the musculoskeletal system, including pathology of large (hip and knee) joints in the form of knee dysplasia and hip dysplasia. Congenital hip dislocation (synonymous with congenital hip dysplasia), refers to severe malformations of the musculoskeletal system and is one of the leading places among all congenital joint diseases.